Caribbean islands are easy ports to visit, which is one reason they’re such popular vacation destinations (also warm beaches, yall).
Before you head out to the party, brush up on your knowledge of cruising with these tips about Caribbean ports.
Everyone takes US Dollar
There’s no need to change money before your Caribbean cruise because all of the ports accept your money. Caribbean islands depend on tourism, particularly from cruise ships.
Many islands have their own local currencies.
If cruisers had to change money for each different island they visited, cruise guests would be overwhelmed with complexity.
When you pay with cash, you might get your change in a local currency. If you pay with a credit card, it may be charged in local currency and your credit card company will exchange currency.
Tour operators are also happy to accept tips in USD or Euro.
Either bring cash with you before embarking, use credit cards, or get cash from most ship casino ATMs.
The only exception is Cuba
Inconveniently, you must exchange your money for the Cuban peso, and credit cards are not accepted in Cuba.
Caribbean islands are safe to visit
Caribbean island locals are friendly and kind people. Cruisers will always have something to complain about, but I’ve always felt safe at every port I’ve visited.
Use common sense like you would anywhere.
Always be aware of your surroundings. Make sure someone knows where you are going.
Port areas are safe inside the secured area. The most common crime is pick pocketing. Violence is rare.
Plan your excursions ahead if you are worried about safety. Someone will be waiting for you.
The best way to avoid being a target is not to look like a tourist. Don’t wear expensive jewelry or wear/carry luxury brands or draw attention to yourself.
Bring bottled water with you off the ship. Heat related illness is common. Consider water shoes on a beach trip in case you step on something prickly like coral or jellyfish.
Prepare yourself for the climate
The Caribbean has two seasons, dry and wet.
From November through April, the Caribbean has a moderate climate, with temperatures usually in the 70s (21C) and low 80s (26C). Nights might get into the 60s (15C). May through October can be warmer with highs in the mid to high 90s (35C). Scattered downpours are common. They usually pass quickly.
The Caribbean is very humid!
Heat plus humidity can bring on heat stroke and heat exhaustion more quickly. Air conditioning is your friend and you will find plenty of it on a cruise ship. When you step outside, you’ll get smacked with humidity.
Make sure to hydrate well.
If you are sensitive to heat, look for excursions that take you out of the heat like an air conditioned bus tour or adventuring in the water.
The Caribbean sun is for real. When you get closer to the equator, you get significantly more UV radiation exposure, even in December and January.
If you have fair skin, sunscreen is your best friend. Your skin can burn in as little as 10 minutes in June and July.
Sunburn can cause 3rd-degree burns (severely red to purplish skin discoloration, blistered skin accompanied by chills, mild fever, nausea, headache, or dehydration).
Lots of it. Make sure you use it liberally and reapply after 2 hours.
Don’t worry about hurricanes
Hurricane season runs from June 1 to November 30. It’s rare, but hurricanes can form in May and January.
These massive storms can toss cruise ships around like a rag doll, so most cruise lines avoid them as much as possible. When planning your cruise, avoid peak season months like August and September if you’re concerned about cancellations or hurricane impacts.
Some cruise lines have meteorologists who track weather conditions and give recommendations where ships should go. They want guests have the most enjoyable experience. Safety is always the priority.
If a tropical cyclone demolishes a port before your cruise, the cruise line might change itineraries if the damage is severe (like in 2017 – Hurricane Maria and Irma).
Beware of hair braiding
In nearly every Caribbean port, you’ll find locals offering to braid your hair (if you have hair long enough to braid).
Even if this seems appealing, it’s a good idea to refrain from getting braiding performed there on impulse.
The tools used are not sterilized and many people reported getting head lice after a braiding.
Admittedly, I got some braids out of ignorance, but about 3 hours later my head hurt so badly they had to go. It’s pure luck that I did not get lice.
If your heart is set on braids, contact a licensed professional ahead of your arrival in that port and schedule an appointment.
Zika is still a threat
The Zika virus spreads through mosquito bites (like malaria). While less urgent now, it still poses a significant threat to everyone visiting destinations south of Miami, not just pregnant women.
As a result, the CDC recommends using “EPA-registered insect repellents with one of the following active ingredients: DEET, picaridin, IR3535, oil of lemon eucalyptus, para-menthane-diol, 2-undecanone. Always use as directed.”
Therefore, It’s a good idea to use insect repellent when leaving the ship in ports. I went on an excursion to the Mayan ruins in Mexico and was very glad I had on repellent–-mosquitoes were everywhere, even in October!
Fortunately, you won’t find mosquitoes on the open ocean. The sun decks on a cruise ship are too high for mosquitoes to fly, so you are safe on the ship.
In conclusions, the risk of Zika remains high, but the risk of negative effects from DEET is low when used properly.
You don’t need a tourist visa
The great news is you do not need a tourist visa to visit the Caribbean on a cruise. Visas are only necessary for guests who stay 3 months or longer.
Cuba is the exception.
There, visitors must have a valid passport and tourist visa to enter Cuba (yes, even Canadians and Europeans).
Fortunately, it’s not a big deal. There is no need to purchase the visa ahead of time. You will receive and pay for it on the ship.
Naturally, you can probably guess that excursions in the Caribbean are centered around water, such as beach breaks, snorkeling, diving, or sea life.
Most islands have charter boats like catamarans to take you out for a cruise, island tour from the water, or dolphin/whale watch. Others go out for SCUBA diving and snorkeling.
One of my favorites was Sting Ray City in Grand Cayman. We took a boat out to a sandbar in the bay and wild stingrays came to visit.
Rays were conditioned to know and trust the humans in this place who have food.
Stingrays are a little bit like puppies, curious and playful. Even though their tail barbs are in tact, but there’s no need to worry. If you move cautiously in the water they will ignore you.
Some places offer adventure excursions like off-roading with 4x4s or Jeeps, hiking or touring. In St. Lucia I went out to see the active volcano and waterfalls.
Other excursions are culture focused, like tours of the island or food tours. The food tour I did in San Juan is one of the most memorable excursions I’ve ever done.
Since each island has a different European influence, some drive on the left and some drive on the right. If renting car, check if they drive on the same side of road as you.
Dolphin Swims: Cruelty warning
There is a lot information out there about keeping aquatic animals in captivity and the negative psychological and biological effects it has on these precious creatures.
Above all, while swimming with the dolphins is a romantic idea, giving the dolphinariums your money encourages the illegal capture, poaching and inhumane captivity of animals that deserve better lives.
If you love animals, there are tons of fun activities to do instead that don’t harm animals!
Languages & Culture
Although most islands speak English, you will hear many other languages like French, Dutch, Spanish or local creole. The local language depends on which nation had the most political influence.
European nations battled over Caribbean colonies from the 1400-1700s to determine which nation would exploit its natural resources.
They all share a common history of slavery and compulsory migration. Today this means the islands are a blending of cultures from European and African roots, even (East) Indian and Hispanic/Native American.
Each island has a different history
While they share many similarities, beaches, popular culinary dishes, economies, geography, climate, and history varies from each island to the next.
Islands are close together. Eastern Caribbean cruises originating from the islands like Puerto Rico can visit a new one each day without any sea days.
If you like sea days, you enjoy more of them when you start your cruise in mainland USA like Florida or New York.